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International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology publishes manuscripts with a basic and applied emphasis, involving both theoretical and experimental areas contributing to the advancement of Clinical and Health Psychology. Papers including psychopathology, psychotherapy, behaviour therapy, cognitive therapies, behavioural medicine, health psychology, community mental health, sexual health, child development, psychological assessment, psychophysiology, neuropsychology, etc.
On exception the Journal publishes articles on science evaluation. The manuscripts with samples of university students whose use is not clearly justified in the objectives of the study will not be considered. The manuscripts submitted to International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology should not have been ly published, and should not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. All ing authors must agree on the submitted version of the manuscript. By submitting their manuscript the authors agree to relinquish their copyrights to the Journal for the duration of the editorial process.
Copyrights will be transferred permanently to International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology if the manuscript is accepted for publication. Despite the growing interest in the study of dating violence, relatively few psychometrically sound instruments are available to researchers.
To provide an instrument to researchers and professionals to assess victimization in dating relationships, with adequate psychometric properties. : Confirmatory analyses provided evidence of a clear factorial structure that was invariant through sex groups. The DVQ-R measures with 20 items five dimensions of abuse in affective interpersonal relationships of adolescents and youth: Detachment, Humiliation, Coercion, Physical and Sexual violence.
Internal consistency indexes were adequate for both each one of the five dimensions as well as for the general scale. Implications for research and intervention are discussed in light of the obtained. Abuse in intimate relationships has been found across all socioeconomic backgrounds and sexual orientations Glass et al. Although it is particularly prevalent among young, cohabitating, and dating couples e. The limited of studies focused on the violence that occurs in dating relationships, led us to review the specific instruments available to improve the assessment of violence in these relationships.
Both of them have been widely used in evaluation of adolescents and young adults, although they were originally developed for their administration in adult population. In the other side, there are at least four validated questionnaires that were specifically developed to assess dating victimization: the CADRI-Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory Wolfe et al. Its length, however, makes it harder to administer when dating violence is not the main target of the study—or when professionals need a faster way to identify potential dating violence. Thereby, the present study is devoted to develop a shorter form of the DVQ, easier to administer, yet capable to provide sound information to both researchers and professionals practitioners, educators, social workers… that work in contact with young populations.
Only people that had had at least one intimate partner for more than one month in their lifetime took part in the study. All participants were enrolled in secondary These figures are compatible with demographic information available for Spanish student populations. It measures with 42 items different abuses that could take place in intimate relationships, providing information about perceived frequency of victimization and perceived disturbance using a 5-point Likert scale from 0- never to 4— all of the time. It measures dating violence across eight domains of abuse: Detachment, Humiliation, Sexual, Coercion, Physical, Gender-based, Emotional punishment, and Instrumental.
Although the original questionnaire provides both a measure of perceived victimization i. Response bias. The final sample included data gathered in educative centers that accepted to participate in the study. Participants were explained the main objectives of the study and, also, they were informed that they could drop off from the study at any moment without any penalties.
Provided that IPV represents a main concern in Spanish education, it was already included in academic curricula as a transversal theme to deal with. Anyway, in order to fulfill ethical requirements regarding minor participants under 18 years old in Spainschools provided information and asked for explicit consent among parents or legal tutors of potential participants, and assent among adolescents. In the case of people over 18 years old, informed assent was asked before starting the assessment. Anonymity was ensured by developing the evaluation in class groups and delivering analysis only for the complete samples, never for individual cases.
Researchers included contact information to give response to any possible discomfort or doubts associated to the study. Participants were told to select a single dating relationship in order to respond to the DVQ-R. Development of short version of DVQ. First, the gender-based scale including items 3, 11, 17, 19, and 35 measures behaviors directed to the opposite sex in broad terms and not necessarily to the couple.
Second, the instrumental and emotional punishment scales were also removed due to potentially content overlap with other scales 8, 16, 24, 4, 12, and Third, some items were removed due to their potential content overlap with other items present in the same scale 7, 17, 18, 22, 29, 31, 34, 36, 37, and 42 among similar items, those with lower factor loadings in exploratory factor analysis were not retained for further analyses.
To obtain a brief, useful but still valid measure, 20 items were finally retained, with four items in each of five the domains of abuse: physical, sexual, humiliation, coercion, and detachment see Appendix. Regarding statistical analysis, the present study developed descriptive procedures central tendency, dispersion and position measuresmeans comparisons MANOVA-multivariate analysis of variance; p d Cohen, Measurement Model.
First, we tested the measurement model of the 20 items of the DVQ-R through a series of confirmatory factor analysis. The measurement model was first estimated in a random independent sample of 3, participants and next cross-validated in the remaining 3, participants. The initial model was a 5 correlated factors model. In this model, all items loaded in their corresponding factors, all factors were correlated and no factor cross loadings were allowed for any of the 20 items.
Inspection of the Lagrange Multiplier Test suggested that releasing four fixed parameters should ificantly improve model fit. All of these fixed parameters were initially set to zero and corresponded to correlation among item error terms. After a closer inspection of these correlated error terms we found that all of them corresponded to within-factor item error terms. These covariations were among items,and of the original scale see Appendix. Figure 1 presents standardized parameter estimates for final model. The internal consistency of the five scales was between.
As for the frequency of victimization, it was found that detachment was the most common, followed by coercionwhile the scales of sexual and physical violence obtained the lowest scores. To test for the factorial invariance of the instrument we conducted a series of multigroup analyses for males and females. First, a highly constrained model was initially estimated simultaneously for the two groups.
This model imposed that all factor loadings, all factor correlations and all error term covariations were equal across groups. Inspection of the Lagrange Multiplier Test for releasing constraints across groups showed, however, that four parameters were ificantly different for male and female participants and should be released. Physical, sexual and coercion scales showed statistically ificant differences, although only two of them physical violence and coercion reached an appreciable although small effect size.
In a second step, relationships between victimization and sex, age and educational attainment were analyzed, including the bivariate relationships among age and educational attainment and the DVQ-R scale scores.
We submitted the lie-scale scores of the EPQ to a two-step cluster analyses to estimate the of potential clusters that better classify participants. showed that three clusters better described the distribution of lie-scores across participants. A first group of potentially heavy liars ranged their scores from 0. Next, we analyzed if sex, age and educational background were statistically related to the belonging to the three groups.
Chi-square analyses revealed that there were more men in the potentially heavy liars group than expected counted and expected, p p This study provides information on the factorial structure and internal consistency of the behavioral assessment of victimization in affective relationships of adolescents through the revised DVQ DVQ-R using a large sample of 6, participants aged years of both sexes.
Compared to the longer version of 42 items, the DVQ-R has been considerably shortened without missing the adequate psychometric characteristics of its predecessor DVQ. from Confirmatory Factor Analyses showed that the items clustered into five theoretically meaningful dimensions of victimization: Humiliation, Sexual, Physical, Detachment, and Coercion.
This measurement model was found to be invariant across groups of sex, thus adding additional generalizability to the factorial structure of the questionnaire. Although initial analyses of the distribution of scale scores across groups of sex indicated that male respondents were reporting higher levels of physical and sexual victimization as well as coercion, these need to be taken cautiously given the ificant relationship found between sex and age: a female participants were older than males; and, b older participants scored lower on various DVQ-R scales.
Analyses of potentially biased responses to the questionnaire showed that the DVQ-R scales scores ificantly varied across groups of liars, initially indicating response bias to the items of the questionnaire. Further analyses, however, showed that once sex and age of participants are taken intothe DVQ-R scales scores are free of response bias, which might be considered as strength of the questionnaire.
Also, the of participants over 6, exceeds the sample size included in most studies available in the area even among those using probability sampling methodswhich might considered as another strength of the study. The DVQ-R is one of the few assessment tools developed specifically for adolescents and youth available in the literature, allowing their application regardless of gender and sexual orientation of the respondent, which can cover a wide spectrum of objectives evaluation.
With respect to its predecessor DVQ ,its length has been shortened from 42 to 20 itemsthus becoming a potential screening tool in educational and community contexts. These issues, combined with the increasing acceptance that the DVQ has in different countries and languages make the DVQ-R a tool of interest for research and applied fields. Bolded items were retained in the DVQ-R version.
We would like to know how often you have experimented each of the following behaviors in the intimate partnership you selected. There are five different levels in the scale, from: never-0 to all of the time Tick the option which fits better to your experience.
ISSN: Descargar PDF. Autor para correspondencia. Under a Creative Commons. Table 1. Implications for research and intervention are discussed in light of the obtained. Palabras clave:. Texto completo. Instruments DVQ. Procedure Sampling. Figure 1. Alpha M DT Detachment. Appendix A. Aizpitarte, I. Alonso-Arbiol, F. Van de Vijver, M. Perdomo, J. Galvez-Sobral, E. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30pp. Universitas Psychologica, 13pp. Multivariate Software. Bonache, G. Conflict resolution styles and teen dating violence. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 16pp.
Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. Cunha, R. Intimate partner violence offenders: Generating a data-based typology of batterers and implications for treatment. Desmarais, K. Reeves, T. Nicholls, R. Telford, M.Sex dating in Stoughton
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